Speaking at the City Service in St Mary’s Cathedral, Limerick, the Bishop of Cork, Dr Paul Colton, said there was a need, in Ireland, for a structured approach to the current informal debates about separation of Church and State. Setting out how, in his view, ‘separation of Church and State is a good thing – good for the State and good for the Church’ he said:
Facilitated by the Department of the Taoiseach, there are, as required by the Lisbon Treaty, dialogues between the government of the day and religious entities about issues of mutual interest. What is needed, I believe, and paradoxically, in order to achieve separation of church and state, is a structured dialogue about the more fundamental question of the Church-State relationship itself: an all-embracing, intentional, formalised, multilateral dialogue about this very fundamental and contemporary question and the dilemmas it is constantly throwing up.
This intentional dialogue is needed, he suggested, because too much of the ‘discourse is bluntly, or simplistically driven by megaphone non-dialogue on social media. There the cry goes up ‘get the churches out of it all; it’s none of their business. But that is not what Separation of Church and State means.’ He continued:
My concern in Ireland is about how change is effected. We tend, too often, to drift reactively into it. Typically, aggrieved people identify an injustice about which they feel strongly, and they protest and pursue change: a good example is the issue of admissions to schools and religious patronage of schools. Our institutions respond by finding a partial, often interim solution, but the underlying and fundamental approach, rationale or philosophy remains undefined.
He underlined that separation of Church and State, ‘does not, of course, mean no religion in the public space’:
It does not mean that services and encounters like this stop happening. It does not mean that religious bodies stop engaging in national debate or conversation, formal or informal, with civic authorities. It does not mean that religious entities should not be engaged politically; few religious leaders were as political as Jesus was and is.
We live in times of diversity, plurality and freedom. Throughout Europe States have varieties of forms of relationship, formal and informal, with religions and religious institutions. As has been pointed out by the European Consortium for Church and State Research, in the EU ‘there is always some form of cooperation or constructive co-operation.’ Some have formal concordats or agreement, many, such as Ireland do not, but in each one there is dialogue.
Concluding his address, Bishop Colton, referred to the linguistic origins of the word ‘minister’:
It is called ‘service’ – and that, of course, is the origin of the word ‘minister’ whether in the church or in the state – servant, even, in some translations – ‘inferior servant’ How far removed have we come from that?
This he said is the theme of the Gospel set for today when Jesus said:
‘But it is not so among you;
but whoever wishes to become great among you must be your servant,
and whoever wishes to be first among you must be slave of all.
For the Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life a ransom for many.’ ~ Mark 5.43-45
The full text of Bishop Colton’s sermon is here: Limerick City Civic Service 2018